Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Akhal-Teke (AT)   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
Akhal-Teke Cremello Coat (left view)
Cremello Coat (left view)
Akhal-Teke Ebony Black Coat (normal view)
Ebony Black Coat (normal view)

Akhal-Teke Bright Chestnut Sabino Coat (front view)
Bright Chestnut Sabino Coat (front view)
Akhal-Teke Cream Pearl Coat (right view)
Cream Pearl Coat (right view)

"Akhal-Teke" is the current name of this horse, which has gone by many names in its history. That history is a long one; horses identical in every way to the modern Akhal-Teke have been found mummified in royal tombs dating back at least 3,000 years. The Han Chinese emperor Wu Ti offered to its breeders a horse of gold for only one of their stallions--and was refused!

The Teke, whether called Nisean or Ferghana Horse or just "The Golden Horse," has always been a horse of tremendous value. It has always been a racehorse, and its speed on the flat is second only to the Thoroughbred. The breed has produced notable jumpers as well, and the "electric black" stallion Absent won Gold in three consecutive Olympics, in dressage.

The Akhal-Teke is a tall horse, somewhat narrow, and otherwise long and lean, built to run, run fast, and run for days. Its special hair structure refracts sunlight away from the skin, helping to cool the horse in the blazing heat of Central Asian summers; it also imparts the metallic glitter or glow to the coat which is so characteristic of the breed, and many breeds related to it. Tekes have a "hooded eye"; that is, an epicanthal fold over the eye which helps to reduce the glare of the wide Central Asian skies. Some sport frontal bosses like those found in the Moyle and the Chinese "Dragon Horse"; and some show the touching or crossing ear-tips characteristic of the Marwari and Kathiawari of India (the Akhal-Teke is probably an ancestor of both breeds.) Tekes are well known as "one-person horses," who are devoted to their favorites and distrustful of all others.

When the Soviet Union took over Turkmenistan, numbers of Turkmen horses were drastically reduced when the Soviets decreed that no family may own more than one horse; many Teke Turkmen took their herds with them and escaped to Iran, where the horse is bred as the Teke Turkoman today. The Soviets named the remaining horses "Akhal-Teke", after the Teke tribe subgroup centered at the Akhal oasis (the Turkmen themselves called their horses "Argamaks".) Some Thoroughbred was added to increase the horses' speed, but it was found that the crossbreds could not adapt to the Central Asian climate. By the 1960s, only 1200-1500 of these horses remained. The Soviet Union eventually fell apart, and breeders began their work anew, spreading the horse all over the globe.

All Akhal-Teke horses alive today trace back to four 19th-century sires: Boinou, Chopar-Kel, Sultan Guli and Niderbai. Akhal-Tekes are still bred according to sire-lines today, though there are many more as great stallions founded their own lines.

In Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, the Teke is a flat-racer; in the United States, Great Britain and Australia, the horse is mostly used for endurance riding and eventing. In China, they are a prized status-symbol.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Akhal-Tekes in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 16.1-17.4, 16.7 (0.30), 0.06.
Sprint: 43-53, 49 (2), 0.48.

Accel: 0.77-0.94, 0.86 (0.04), 0.01.
Decel: 0.66-0.86, 0.77 (0.04), 0.01.

Jump: 5.11-5.35, 0.22 (0.05), 0.01.
Pull: 1.16-1.75, 1.43 (0.12), 0.02.

Turning: 37.88-48.9, 43.34 (2.33), 0.46.
Reverse: 2.1-2.8, 2.4 (0.10), 0.03.

Stamina: 43.6-47.96, 45.3 (1.02), 0.2.
Reaction: 0.66-0.79, 0.73 (0.03), 0.01.

Coats & Height:

Colors: bay, black, brown, chestnut, grey, all cream dilutes, pearl.
Additionals: flaxen, linebacked, rabicano, sabino-1, sooty, splashed-white overo, white-spotted, all rare patterns.
Height: 14.3hh to 16hh
Akhal-Teke Sooty Black Coat
Sooty Black Coat
Akhal-Teke Coal Black Coat
Coal Black Coat
Akhal-Teke Ebony Black Coat
Ebony Black Coat
Akhal-Teke Coal Black Sabino Coat
Coal Black Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Seal Brown Coat
Seal Brown Coat
Akhal-Teke Seal Brown Sabino Coat
Seal Brown Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Dark Brown Coat
Dark Brown Coat
Akhal-Teke Sooty Brown Coat
Sooty Brown Coat
Akhal-Teke Chocolate Brown Coat
Chocolate Brown Coat
Akhal-Teke Sepia Brown Sabino Coat
Sepia Brown Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Mahogany Bay Coat
Mahogany Bay Coat
Akhal-Teke Red Wild Bay Coat
Red Wild Bay Coat
Akhal-Teke Red Bay Coat
Red Bay Coat
Akhal-Teke Golden Bay Coat
Golden Bay Coat
Akhal-Teke Bay Sabino Coat
Bay Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Black Chestnut Coat
Black Chestnut Coat
Akhal-Teke Flaxen Liver Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Liver Chestnut Coat
Akhal-Teke Red Chestnut Coat
Red Chestnut Coat
Akhal-Teke Chestnut Coat
Chestnut Coat
Akhal-Teke Flaxen Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Chestnut Coat
Akhal-Teke Red Chestnut Splash Coat
Red Chestnut Splash Coat
Akhal-Teke Chestnut Sabino Coat
Chestnut Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Bright Chestnut Sabino Coat
Bright Chestnut Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Smoky Black Coat
Smoky Black Coat
Akhal-Teke Smoky Brown Coat
Smoky Brown Coat
Akhal-Teke Smoky Brown Sabino Coat
Smoky Brown Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Brown Buckskin Coat
Brown Buckskin Coat
Akhal-Teke Buckskin Coat
Buckskin Coat
Akhal-Teke Flaxen Golden Palomino Coat
Flaxen Golden Palomino Coat
Akhal-Teke Copper Palomino Coat
Copper Palomino Coat
Akhal-Teke Bright Palomino Coat
Bright Palomino Coat
Akhal-Teke Sooty Blonde Palomino Coat
Sooty Blonde Palomino Coat
Akhal-Teke Blonde Palomino Sabino Coat
Blonde Palomino Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Smoky Cream Coat
Smoky Cream Coat
Akhal-Teke Perlino Coat
Perlino Coat
Akhal-Teke Perlino Sabino Coat
Perlino Sabino Coat
Akhal-Teke Cremello Coat
Cremello Coat
Akhal-Teke Dark Grey Coat
Dark Grey Coat
Akhal-Teke Grey Coat
Grey Coat
Akhal-Teke White Grey Coat
White Grey Coat
Akhal-Teke Sable Pearl Coat
Sable Pearl Coat
Akhal-Teke Brown Pearl Coat
Brown Pearl Coat
Akhal-Teke Amber Pearl Coat
Amber Pearl Coat
Akhal-Teke Pearl Coat
Pearl Coat
Akhal-Teke Amber Cream Pearl Coat
Amber Cream Pearl Coat
Akhal-Teke Cream Pearl Coat
Cream Pearl Coat

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