Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Donkey Breed: American Mammoth Jackstock   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
American Mammoth Jackstock Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat (left view)
Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat (left view)
American Mammoth Jackstock Brown Black Coat (normal view)
Brown Black Coat (normal view)

American Mammoth Jackstock Cameo Coat (front view)
Cameo Coat (front view)
American Mammoth Jackstock Black Coat (right view)
Black Coat (right view)

The American Mammoth Jackstock (also known as 'Mammoth Jackstock') is the tallest donkey breed in the world. This breed should not be confused with the generic Mammoth Donkey, which is a type of donkey rather than a breed.

Origins & History:
The story of the Mammoth Jackstock begins with the story of three large Andalusian donkeys and three large Maltese donkeys, that were gifted to George Washington during the second half of the 18th century. Washington, used the jacks to produce storing mules, and decided along with additional breeders to create a large and sturdy local donkey breed, which will be used as breeding stock for mules.

As such, Catalonian, Andalusian, Poitou, Maltese, and Majorcan donkeys, who were imported from southern and western Europe to the United States during the second half of the 18th century. These breeds were crossed with each other to give rise to a local American breed of a large donkey. Over the next several decades, new donkeys were constantly imported from Europe in order to add new blood to the local stock. The local breed became known as American Mammoth Jackstock.

By the middle of the 19th century, the Mammoth Jackstock was a well-established breed for the successful production of mules for riding and draft work. It suffered a sharp decline in numbers during the 1950s and 1960s due to the mechanization of agriculture, which rendered mules largely obsolete. While the Mammoth Jackstock regained some popularity during the 1980s, it is still considered an endangered breed by today's standards.

The American Mammoth Jackstock today:
Today, the Mammoth Jackstock is usually used for recreational riding and leisure rather than for producing large mules, although some Mammoth Jackstocks, especially sorrel ones, are used for the production of mules. Furthermore, some American Mammoths are gaited, and can be suitable for trail riding.

Subtypes:
Traditionally, American Mammoth Jackstocks were bred to have dark colors, because during the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, the preference was to breed dark mules (see the 'Percheron Mule' for more information).

During the 20th century, some breeders began to breed herds of sorrel American Mammoths, in order to create sorrel mules, primarily of the Belgian type (see the 'Belgian Mule' for more information).

This tradition of breeding only-dark and only-sorrel herds carries on to this very day, which is why both of these sub-types are found in Horse Isle (see the 'Dark American Mammoth Jackstock' and 'Sorrel American Mammoth Jackstock' for more information.)

Conformation:
Regardless of their color, all American Mammoth Jackstocks share the same characteristic conformation, which is lean yet massive. The head is large and has long ears, the profile is either straight or convex, the croup is sloping, and the legs are long and have large and sturdy joints.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered American Mammoth Jackstocks in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, donkeys might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce donkeys that are beyond this range.

Speed: 14.2-15.5, 15.0 (0.3), 0.05.
Sprint: 31-43, 37 (3), 0.52.

Accel: 0.69-0.89, 0.77 (0.04), 0.01.
Decel: 0.79-0.97, 0.87 (0.04), 0.01.

Jump: 4.88-5.34, 5.09 (0.08), 0.02.
Pull: 1.67-2.76, 2.16 (0.23), 0.04.

Turning: 35.25-47.98, 41.40 (2.52), 0.49.
Reverse: 1.9-2.5, 2.2 (0.1), 0.02.

Stamina: 51.22-60.71, 55.31 (2.33), 0.46.
Reaction: 0.72-0.84, 0.79 (0.03), 0.01.

Colors:
American Mammoth Jackstocks come primarily in the colors of black, brown-black, grey, chestnut, sorrel, and roan. The coat is usually solid with light points, and often lacks leg-stripes and a dorsal-stripe. That said, other colors and patterns also exist.

In Horse Isle, American Mammoths can come in all colors and patterns available in donkeys except for dominant white and missense-albino.

Height:
Most American Mammoth Jackstocks stand between 14hh and 16hh, but some can be as tall as 17hh, thus making the Mammoth Jackstock the tallest donkey breed in the world. Therefore, in Horse Isle, the full height range of the American Mammoth Jackstock is 14hh to 17hh.
American Mammoth Jackstock Black Coat
Black Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Black Coat
Black Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Brown Black Coat
Brown Black Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Brown Black Coat
Brown Black Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Brown Coat
Brown Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Brown Coat
Brown Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Black Chestnut Coat
Black Chestnut Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Chestnut Coat
Chestnut Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Flaxen Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Chestnut Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Grey Coat
Grey Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Dun Grey Coat
Dun Grey Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Dun Grey Coat
Dun Grey Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Rose Dun Coat
Rose Dun Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Grey Coat
Grey Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Brown Black Grey Coat
Brown Black Grey Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Cameo Coat
Cameo Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Cameo Coat
Cameo Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Ivory Coat
Ivory Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Grey Pinto Coat
Grey Pinto Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Black Spotted1 Coat
Black Spotted1 Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Black Spotted2 Coat
Black Spotted2 Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Black Spotted Coat
Black Spotted Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Brown Black Spotted Coat
Brown Black Spotted Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Red Chestnut Spotted Coat
Red Chestnut Spotted Coat
American Mammoth Jackstock Chestnut Tyger Coat
Chestnut Tyger Coat


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