Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
Our Massive Real World Equine Reference!


[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: American Saddlebred (Saddlebred)   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
American Saddlebred Golden Palomino Sabino Coat (left view)
Golden Palomino Sabino Coat (left view)
American Saddlebred Smoky Black Roan Coat (normal view)
Smoky Black Roan Coat (normal view)

American Saddlebred Bright Wild Bay Silver Coat (front view)
Bright Wild Bay Silver Coat (front view)
American Saddlebred Red Chestnut Coat (right view)
Red Chestnut Coat (right view)

The American Saddlebred (also known as 'Saddlebred'; formerly known as 'Kentucky Saddler') is a saddle breed that originated in Kentucky. It is known for its iconic stance, showy appearance, and high knee-action.

From the "American Horse" to the "American Saddlebred":
The development of the American Saddlebred began in the 18th century, when Thoroughbreds that were imported from Europe were crossed with Narragansett Pacers (a now extinct breed). The Narragansett Pacer was a gaited breed, and the Thoroughbred x Narragansett crosses combined the gaits of the Narragansett with the size of the Thoroughbred. These crossbreds became known as "American Horses", and served as riding and carriage horses.

Further crossings between American Horses and Thoroughbred horses, which took place in Kentucky, added size and elegance to the American Horse. Additional breeds such as Morgan, Hackney, and Canadian Pacer were also added to the mix to a lesser extent. The "improved" American Horses became known as Kentucky Saddlers, and served as riding and show horses. Their excellent performance as show horses made them famous outside of Kentucky.

In addition to being show horses, many Kentucky Saddlers also served as cavalry horses. During the American Civil War, many notable military commanders and generals rode Kentucky Saddlers to the battlefield. Furthermore, the fact that, during this war, Kentucky Saddlers were able to cross vast distances in a short time, added to the fame that this breed had already enjoyed.

After the Civil War ended, Kentucky Saddlers no longer served as cavalry horses. Instead, they were mostly used as show horses, and as such they were bred to have an elegant conformation and stylish movement.

By the end of the 19th century, the breed became known as the American Saddle Horse, and it was only in the second half of the 20th century that it was renamed American Saddlebred.

The American Saddlebred today:
The American Saddlebred is among the most famous show breeds worldwide, and is one of the most popular breeds in the United States. These horses are usually used for pleasure riding and harness shows. Horses in these disciplines usually exhibit the high knee-action and the upright posture of the neck that is so characteristic to this breed.

Gaits:
The American Saddlebred is usually regarded as a gaited breed, because many Saddlebreds are able to perform an ambling gait. However, not all American Saddlebreds are gaited, and the breed itself is divided into two groups: three-gaited horses who don't gait but perform only the walk, trot, and canter gaits; and five-gaited horses who, in addition to the regular walk, trot, and canter gaits, can also perform two supplementary gaits, usually the rack and the stepping-pace (not to be confused with the "regular" pace which is a different gait).

In Horse Isle, the "gait" genotype of non-gaited American Saddlebreds is coco, and the "gait" genotype of gaited American-Saddlebreds is AmAm. Crossing 'coco' horses with 'AmAm' ones will result in a foal who can't amble nor canter, and which therefore will be heavily penalized.

Conformation:
As mentioned above, American Saddlebreds have an iconic conformation and a distinct posture. The ears are small and can be curved, the high-set neck is long and visibly arched, the withers are prominent and are often higher than the croup, giving an uphill impression to the horse. The croup is flat, the tail is high-set, the chest is wide, and the legs are long.

When it comes to their posture, generally speaking, American Saddlebreds often hold their necks in an upright position and stretch their hind legs behind their body while leaning a bit forward.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered American Saddlebreds in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 15.1-17.2, 16.2 (0.5), 0.1.
Sprint: 47-59, 54 (3), 0.54.

Accel: 0.94-1.12, 1.04 (0.04), 0.01.
Decel: 0.91-1.03, 0.97 (0.03), 0.01.

Jump: 5.05-5.36, 5.24 (0.06), 0.01.
Pull: 1.77-2.59, 2.12 (0.21), 0.04.

Turning: 54.28-65.88, 60.21 (2.7), 0.53.
Reverse: 2.7-3.3, 2.9 (0.1), 0.03.

Stamina: 45.48-53.64, 49.68 (1.73), 0.34.
Reaction: 0.74-0.85, 0.79 (0.02), 0.00.

Coats & Height:
Colors: all except for mushroom.

Additionals: all except for mealy, leopard, and manchado.

Height: 14hh to 17.1hh.
American Saddlebred Ebony Black Coat
Ebony Black Coat
American Saddlebred Coal Black Coat
Coal Black Coat
American Saddlebred Burgundy Seal Brown Coat
Burgundy Seal Brown Coat
American Saddlebred Sepia Brown Coat
Sepia Brown Coat
American Saddlebred Bright Mahogany Bay Coat
Bright Mahogany Bay Coat
American Saddlebred Sooty Linebacked Bright Wild Bay Coat
Sooty Linebacked Bright Wild Bay Coat
American Saddlebred Linebacked Sandy Mahogany Bay Coat
Linebacked Sandy Mahogany Bay Coat
American Saddlebred Flaxen Liver Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Liver Chestnut Coat
American Saddlebred Liver Chestnut Coat
Liver Chestnut Coat
American Saddlebred Red Chestnut Coat
Red Chestnut Coat
American Saddlebred Bright Chestnut Coat
Bright Chestnut Coat
American Saddlebred Wild Bay Roan Coat
Wild Bay Roan Coat
American Saddlebred Linebacked Strawberry Roan Coat
Linebacked Strawberry Roan Coat
American Saddlebred Flaxen Sooty Strawberry Roan Coat
Flaxen Sooty Strawberry Roan Coat
American Saddlebred Smoky Black Coat
Smoky Black Coat
American Saddlebred Buckskin Coat
Buckskin Coat
American Saddlebred Blonde Palomino Coat
Blonde Palomino Coat
American Saddlebred Bright Palomino Coat
Bright Palomino Coat
American Saddlebred Grulla Coat
Grulla Coat
American Saddlebred Dun Coat
Dun Coat
American Saddlebred Red Dun Coat
Red Dun Coat
American Saddlebred Silvery Slate Grulla Coat
Silvery Slate Grulla Coat
American Saddlebred Silvery Slate Grulla Silver Coat
Silvery Slate Grulla Silver Coat
American Saddlebred Dunskin Coat
Dunskin Coat
American Saddlebred Dunskin Sabino Coat
Dunskin Sabino Coat
American Saddlebred Golden Palomino Sabino Coat
Golden Palomino Sabino Coat
American Saddlebred Pale Yellow Silver Sabino Coat
Pale Yellow Silver Sabino Coat
American Saddlebred Red Chestnut Sabino Coat
Red Chestnut Sabino Coat
American Saddlebred Palomino Sabino Coat
Palomino Sabino Coat
American Saddlebred Black Tobiano Coat
Black Tobiano Coat
American Saddlebred Bright Bay Tobiano Coat
Bright Bay Tobiano Coat
American Saddlebred Smoky Cream Tobiano Coat
Smoky Cream Tobiano Coat
American Saddlebred Liver Chestnut Tobiano Coat
Liver Chestnut Tobiano Coat
American Saddlebred Sooty Copper Palomino Tobiano Coat
Sooty Copper Palomino Tobiano Coat
American Saddlebred Ebony Blue Silver Tovero Coat
Ebony Blue Silver Tovero Coat
American Saddlebred Red Bay Silver Coat
Red Bay Silver Coat
American Saddlebred Bright Wild Bay Silver Coat
Bright Wild Bay Silver Coat
American Saddlebred Sooty Dunskin Coat
Sooty Dunskin Coat
American Saddlebred Perlino Sabino Coat
Perlino Sabino Coat
American Saddlebred Smoky Grulla Silver Coat
Smoky Grulla Silver Coat
American Saddlebred Grey Coat
Grey Coat
American Saddlebred Amber Pearl Coat
Amber Pearl Coat
American Saddlebred Brown Cream Pearl Coat
Brown Cream Pearl Coat
American Saddlebred Cream Pearl Coat
Cream Pearl Coat
American Saddlebred Sooty Amber Cream Pearl Coat
Sooty Amber Cream Pearl Coat
American Saddlebred Classic Cream Pearl Silver Coat
Classic Cream Pearl Silver Coat
American Saddlebred Sable Pearl Sabino Coat
Sable Pearl Sabino Coat
American Saddlebred Amber Pearl Roan Tobiano Coat
Amber Pearl Roan Tobiano Coat
American Saddlebred Amber Champagne Dun Sabino Coat
Amber Champagne Dun Sabino Coat
American Saddlebred Golden Champagne Dun Coat
Golden Champagne Dun Coat
American Saddlebred White Coat
White Coat


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