Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
Our Massive Real World Equine Reference!

[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Arabian (Arab)   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
Arabian Bright Bay Coat (left view)
Bright Bay Coat (left view)
Arabian Grey Coat (normal view)
Grey Coat (normal view)

Arabian Bright Chestnut Coat (front view)
Bright Chestnut Coat (front view)
Arabian Red Mahogany Bay Sabino Coat (right view)
Red Mahogany Bay Sabino Coat (right view)

The Arabian is one of the purest and most ancient horse breeds, which is famous for its iconic and unique conformation and remarkable endurance. This breed was extensively used for the creation and refinement of most horse breeds, and had a profound effect on the majority of horse breeds that exist today.

Ancient, mysterious origins:
The origins of the Arabian horse are shrouded in mystery, and are still being studied today.

We know that prehistoric horses, who stood around 12hh and had a similar overall conformation to that of the Arabian, existed in the Middle East, where the Arabian was later born. However, we don't know whether the Arabian directly developed from these horses alone, or whether it was created from crossings between these horses and other types of prehistoric horses.

In addition, there is a debate regarding where the Arabian first originated; was it in the southwestern regions of the Arabian Peninsula, or in northern Syria and southern Turkey? What we do know is that the Arabian didn't originate in the arid deserts of the Arabian Peninsula, but was instead introduced to these areas by tribes who brought Arabian horses with them to the desert.

A pure desert horse:
The oldest accounts of Arabian horses trace back to the Bedouin tribes, who memorized, and later documented, the pedigrees and bloodlines of their horses. This ensured that their Arabians remained "Asil", meaning pure.

The Bedouins also developed numerous strains and sub-strains of Arabian horses, with each strain having a characteristic look and usage. That said, horses of the same strain could still differ in appearance, because the foal was always assigned to the strain of his mother.

Today, these strains are collectively known as "desert-bred" or "desert strains", and three of them are still widely recognized: the Koheilan, the Muniqi, and the Saqlawi, all of which can be found in Horse Isle.

Rising to fame:
Over the years, the Arabian horse became known for being an easy-keeper horse of great speed and endurance. It was sought after by various leaders and civilizations, especially in the Middle-East where it played a vital role in their prosperity. For example, the Ancient Egyptians expanded their kingdom thanks to the Arabian horses who pulled their chariots.

Over time, Arabian horses also gained fame in Europe, and many European leaders imported them in order to refine existing breeds and create new ones. Indeed, almost all of the horse breeds that exist today have some degree of Arabian blood in them.

The Arabian today:
Today, the Arabian is one of the most popular and well-known horse breeds worldwide, and is found in almost every country. It is used primarily for racing and endurance riding, but also for show-jumping, dressage, and various Western disciplines, though to a lesser extent.

Arabians are intelligent, "hot-blooded" horses who have an energetic and active temperament. Both foals and adults love to naturally carry their tail high and proud while moving.

The conformation of the Arabian is not only unique, but has also remained relatively consistent during the thousands of years in which this breed existed.

The Arabian is an elegant horse with slender legs, a long and arched neck, and a horizontal croup. It also has a short back, and some horses, but not all, are missing one lumbar vertebrae (a phenomenon which also occurs in other breeds, and, despite being largely associated with Arabian horses, is not restricted to the Arabian breed).

Arabians are mostly famous for their characteristic dished face, and have a prominent forehead called "Jibbah". That said, the original Arabian horses didn't have dished faces to the extreme extent that today's Arabians have, and which results from modern breeding programs.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Arabians in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 14.7-16.4, 15.7 (0.4), 0.08.
Sprint: 38-53, 44 (3), 0.6.

Accel: 0.85-0.99, 0.92 (0.03), 0.01.
Decel: 0.74-0.90, 0.83 (0.04), 0.01.

Jump: 4.94-5.24, 5.10 (0.06), 0.01.
Pull: 1.41-2.28, 1.87 (0.19), 0.04.

Turning: 39.80-54.11, 47.25 (3.05), 0.6.
Reverse: 2.1-2.7, 2.4 (0.1), 0.03.

Stamina: 38.92-46.37, 41.90 (1.46), 0.29.
Reaction: 0.67-0.80, 0.74 (0.03), 0.01.

Coats & Height:

Colors: bay, brown, chestnut, grey, and more rarely, black*, seal brown, dominant white, and dominant black**.

* Black Arabians used to be extremely rare, since they couldn't easily dissipate body heat, which greatly lowered their endurance in hot deserts.
** Dominant black is a brownish-black color which originated in an American Arab stallion called Serr Ebony Star. So far, this allele is found only in Arabians, although it enjoys wider availability on Horse Isle.

Additionals: flaxen, linebacked, rabicano, sooty, manchado, white-spotted sabino, all rare patterns.

Height: 14hh to 16.2hh.
Arabian Coal Black Coat
Coal Black Coat
Arabian Ebony Black Coat
Ebony Black Coat
Arabian Sable Black Coat
Sable Black Coat
Arabian Black Sabino Coat
Black Sabino Coat
Arabian Dominant Black Coat
Dominant Black Coat
Arabian Seal Brown Coat
Seal Brown Coat
Arabian Sooty Sepia Brown Coat
Sooty Sepia Brown Coat
Arabian Brown Coat
Brown Coat
Arabian Dark Brown Sabino Coat
Dark Brown Sabino Coat
Arabian Brown Sabino Coat
Brown Sabino Coat
Arabian Chocolate Brown Sabino Coat
Chocolate Brown Sabino Coat
Arabian Blood Bay Coat
Blood Bay Coat
Arabian Red Mahogany Bay Sabino Coat
Red Mahogany Bay Sabino Coat
Arabian Sooty Wild Bay Coat
Sooty Wild Bay Coat
Arabian Sooty Bright Wild Bay Coat
Sooty Bright Wild Bay Coat
Arabian Wild Bay Coat
Wild Bay Coat
Arabian Linebacked Bright Bay Coat
Linebacked Bright Bay Coat
Arabian Golden Bay Coat
Golden Bay Coat
Arabian Sooty Sandy Wild Bay Coat
Sooty Sandy Wild Bay Coat
Arabian Sandy Bay Coat
Sandy Bay Coat
Arabian Liver Chestnut Coat
Liver Chestnut Coat
Arabian Flaxen Red Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Red Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Arabian Red Chestnut Coat
Red Chestnut Coat
Arabian Chestnut Coat
Chestnut Coat
Arabian Chestnut Sabino Coat
Chestnut Sabino Coat
Arabian Bright Chestnut Coat
Bright Chestnut Coat
Arabian Golden Chestnut Sabino Coat
Golden Chestnut Sabino Coat
Arabian Dark Grey Coat
Dark Grey Coat
Arabian Grey Coat
Grey Coat
Arabian Grey Sabino Coat
Grey Sabino Coat
Arabian Reverse Dapple Sepia Brown Coat
Reverse Dapple Sepia Brown Coat
Arabian Wild Bay Rabicano Coat
Wild Bay Rabicano Coat
Arabian Red Bay Sabino Coat
Red Bay Sabino Coat

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