Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Brazilian Crioulo (Crioulo)   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
The Brazilian Crioulo (also known as 'Brazilian Criollo') can largely be described as the Brazilian version of the Argentine Criollo. Nevertheless, these two should not be confused as they are different breeds.

The ancestors of the Brazilian Crioulo were feral horses who descended from several breeds, that were brought to South America in the 16th century, by the Spanish conquistadors (for more info see the 'Argentine Criollo.') The Brazilian Crioulo became popular in the 19th century, and was officially recognized as a breed in 1932.

Today, Brazilian Crioulos usually serve as ranch horses for working cattle, but they are also used for various Western disciplines such as reining and team-penning.

When it comes to their conformation, Brazilian Crioulos have some iconic characteristics, such as their ears that can be curved inwards, their neck that is arched and thick, their croup that is often flat, and their body that is very muscular. In addition, their legs are short, and their frame is visibly rectangular. The mane and tail are very thick, though the mane is sometimes cut short. They often have a little feathering on their fetlocks.

While the appearance of Brazilian Crioulos is very similar to that of Argentine Criollos, there are two big differences between the two. First, Brazilian Crioulos have a horizontal croup, while Argentine Criollos have a more sloping croup. Second, Brazilian Crioulos can have a tobiano coat, while Argentine Criollos cannot.

Brazilian Crioulos are usually bay or dun in color, but the colors of black, brown, chestnut, grey, roan, palomino, buckskin, and smoky black also exist in this breed. In addition, many Brazilian Crioulos have white markings, and some also sport sabino markings on their face, legs, and body. The coat is usually solid, but the patterns of tobiano, sabino, frame-overo, and, more rarely, manchado, also exist in this breed (manchado was probably introduced when Brazilian Crioulos were crossed with Argentine Criollos.)

It is very important to remember that Brazilian Crioulos who lack too much color and have only pink skin are banned from registration and breeding. This means that double-cream dilutes (CC), dominant white, and maximum sabino do not exist in this breed. Therefore, crossing Cc horses with each other, or crossing Sbsb horses with each other, can result in a grade foal. In addition, pinto horses who lack too much color (e.g. whose who have maximal pinto coats) will be penalized as well.

Brazilian Crioulos stand between 13.2hh and 14.3hh.

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