Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Carneddau Pony (Carneddau)   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
Carneddau Pony Bright Strawberry Corn Roan Coat (left view)
Bright Strawberry Corn Roan Coat (left view)
Carneddau Pony Strawberry Corn Roan Sabino Coat (normal view)
Strawberry Corn Roan Sabino Coat (normal view)

Carneddau Pony Chocolate Brown Coat (front view)
Chocolate Brown Coat (front view)
Carneddau Pony Bright Bay Coat (right view)
Bright Bay Coat (right view)

The Carneddau Pony is a Welsh breed of semi-feral ponies that roam Snowdonia, Wales. It should not be confused with the Welsh Pony which is a different breed.

Hidden in Snowdonia:
Located in northwest Wales, encompasses mountains and lakes, is the National Park of Snowdonia, the birthplace of the Carneddau Pony. It is unknown when the ponies arrived at the mountainous region, but it is believed that they had already roamed it at the time of the Celts.

The ponies survived the Horse Act 1540, a decree passed by King Henry VIII that ordered, one, the annual round-ups of all horses who roamed in open lands, and two, the culling of any stallions shorter than 15hh and any mares shorter than 13hh. The aim was to ensure that all British horses, including feral horses, could carry a knight in full armor, and so Britain will have enough horses for its cavalry if the need arises. However, this was terrible news for the Carneddau Ponies who probably stood around 10 to 11 hands as they do today.

Luckily for the ponies, the king's men weren't willing to climb the Snowdonian mountains on which they roamed, with many of them exceeding 900 meters above sea level in height. The ponies were left to roam Snowdonian undisturbed, except for yearly round-ups in later centuries during which some of the ponies were captured and taken to be used as pit ponies.

The Carneddau Pony, a distinctive Welsh breed:
Despite the round-ups, the ponies continued breeding among themselves and didn't receive foreign blood. This led researchers to hypothesize that the Carneddau Pony is a genetically distinct breed.

This hypothesis was confirmed in a 2013 phylogenetic study, which found that the Carneddau Pony is not only a genetically distinct breed, but is also closely related to the Welsh Mountain Pony, a widespread Welsh breed also known as Welsh Section A (see 'Welsh Pony and Cob' and 'Welsh Mountain Pony' for more info).

The Carneddau Pony today:
A herd of between 200 and 300 ponies still roams the mountains of Snowdonia today within an area of some 20 square miles inside the park. Grazing on the mountains or venturing into lakes to eat water plants, the ponies fend for themselves without assistance including during snowy winters. This ensures that only the fittest ponies survive in the wild, thus increasing the survival chances of future generations.

Once a year, the ponies are rounded up for general inspection, during which the weak, old, and excessive ponies, including all of the colts, are removed from the herd in order to prevent overpopulation which will lead to overgrazing. The remaining ponies, composed of selected mares, mares with young foals, and selected stallions, are allowed to return to their semi-feral life at the park.

Ponies who are removed from the herd receive basic training and are then auctioned to good homes where they usually serve as mounts for children. Some ponies are released in areas that require grazing of excessive plants as part of environmental conservation efforts to control the population of local plants.

Conformation:
There is no official breed standard for the Carneddau Pony, and therefore their conformation in Horse Isle is based on pictures and videos of said ponies.

The head is short, and has a small muzzle, small nostrils, small ears, and a concave-or-straight profile. The neck is slender and connects to highly visible withers. The back is smooth and of a short-to-medium length, and connects to a sloping croup. The body is slightly wide but is compact.

The mane is coarse or wavy and is of a medium or long length. The tail grows long, and the legs are clear from feathering.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Carneddau Ponies horses in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 12.2-13.2, 12.7 (0.2), 0.04.
Sprint: 25-33, 29 (2), 0.36.

Accel: 0.76-0.97, 0.88 (0.05), 0.01.
Decel: 0.76-0.90, 0.83 (0.03), 0.01.

Jump: 4.74-4.98, 4.86 (0.06), 0.01.
Pull: 1.05-1.41, 1.22 (0.09), 0.02.

Turning: 39.52-53.06, 46.77 (3.03), 0.59.
Reverse: 2.1-2.8, 2.5 (0.1), 0.03.

Stamina: 43.89-50.35, 47.23 (1.45), 0.28.
Reaction: 0.56-0.71, 0.64 (0.03), 0.01.

Coats & Height:
Colors: bay, black, brown, chestnut, grey, and dun.

Additionals: flaxen, mealy, roan, sooty, dark mane & tail, grey mane & tail. The coat is usually solid but can sometimes be white-spotted sabino.

Height: 10hh to 11hh.
Carneddau Pony Black Coat
Black Coat
Carneddau Pony Ebony Black Coat
Ebony Black Coat
Carneddau Pony Sooty Seal Brown Coat
Sooty Seal Brown Coat
Carneddau Pony Seal Brown Coat
Seal Brown Coat
Carneddau Pony Dark Brown Coat
Dark Brown Coat
Carneddau Pony Sooty Brown Coat
Sooty Brown Coat
Carneddau Pony Shaded Linebacked Brown Coat
Shaded Linebacked Brown Coat
Carneddau Pony Chocolate Brown Coat
Chocolate Brown Coat
Carneddau Pony Linebacked Chocolate Brown Coat
Linebacked Chocolate Brown Coat
Carneddau Pony Blood Bay Sabino Coat
Blood Bay Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Red Mahogany Bay Coat
Red Mahogany Bay Coat
Carneddau Pony Wild Bay Coat
Wild Bay Coat
Carneddau Pony Sooty Linebacked Bright Wild Bay Coat
Sooty Linebacked Bright Wild Bay Coat
Carneddau Pony Linebacked Bright Bay Coat
Linebacked Bright Bay Coat
Carneddau Pony Linebacked Golden Wild Bay Coat
Linebacked Golden Wild Bay Coat
Carneddau Pony Bright Bay Coat
Bright Bay Coat
Carneddau Pony Sandy Bay Coat
Sandy Bay Coat
Carneddau Pony Black Chestnut Coat
Black Chestnut Coat
Carneddau Pony Flaxen Linebacked Red Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Linebacked Red Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Carneddau Pony Liver Chestnut Coat
Liver Chestnut Coat
Carneddau Pony Liver Sorrel Coat
Liver Sorrel Coat
Carneddau Pony Red Chestnut Coat
Red Chestnut Coat
Carneddau Pony Chestnut Coat
Chestnut Coat
Carneddau Pony Bright Chestnut Coat
Bright Chestnut Coat
Carneddau Pony Grulla Sabino Coat
Grulla Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Dun Coat
Dun Coat
Carneddau Pony Dun Coat
Dun Coat
Carneddau Pony Muddy Dun Coat
Muddy Dun Coat
Carneddau Pony Red Dun Coat
Red Dun Coat
Carneddau Pony Grey Coat
Grey Coat
Carneddau Pony Blue Roan Coat
Blue Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Blue Corn Roan Coat
Blue Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Linebacked Dark Purple Corn Roan Coat
Linebacked Dark Purple Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Linebacked Bright Red Roan Coat
Linebacked Bright Red Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Liver Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Liver Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Sooty Linebacked Bright Strawberry Roan Coat
Sooty Linebacked Bright Strawberry Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Sooty Linebacked Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Sooty Linebacked Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Flaxen Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Flaxen Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Bright Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Bright Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Slate Grulla Corn Roan Coat
Slate Grulla Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Sooty Dun Corn Roan Coat
Sooty Dun Corn Roan Coat
Carneddau Pony Apricot Dun Roan Sabino Coat
Apricot Dun Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Flaxen Strawberry Roan Sabino Coat
Flaxen Strawberry Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Sooty Red Roan Sabino Coat
Sooty Red Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Sepia Purple Corn Roan Sabino Coat
Sepia Purple Corn Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Chocolate Purple Corn Roan Sabino Coat
Chocolate Purple Corn Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Ebony Blue Corn Roan Sabino Coat
Ebony Blue Corn Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Coal Blue Roan Sabino Coat
Coal Blue Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Bay Sabino Coat
Bay Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Blood Red Roan Sabino Coat
Blood Red Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Seal Brown Corn Roan Sabino Coat
Seal Brown Corn Roan Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Seal Brown Sabino Coat
Seal Brown Sabino Coat
Carneddau Pony Bright Bay Sabino Coat
Bright Bay Sabino Coat


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