Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Dutch Warmblood (KWPN)   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
The Dutch Warmblood (also known as 'Sport Dutch Warmblood') is a European warmblood sport horse breed famous for its high performance in the disciplines of show-jumping, dressage, and eventing.

In the 19th century, two Dutch horse breeds were prevalent among Dutch farmers: the heavy Groningen and the lighter Gelderland. The farmers crossed these two breeds and created the Dutch Warmblood; a heavy horse with a light movement that can serve both as a carriage horse and as a farm horse.

After World War II, the demand for heavy carriage and farm horses decreased, while the demand for sport horses increased. Breeders therefore decided to transform their Dutch Warmbloods into sport horses by crossing them with athletic breeds, which included primarily Thoroughbreds, but also other European warmbloods that existed at that time. Furthermore, some breeders also crossed their horses with Hackneys, in order to transform them into good harness horses, thus creating a different type of the Dutch Warmblood.

Generally speaking, there are three types of the Dutch Warmbloods: sport horse, known as "Dutch Warmblood" and "Sport Dutch Warmblood", which excels in dressage, show-jumping, and eventing; harness horse, known as "Dutch Tuigpaard," which excels in driving; and Gelder type, known as "Gelderland", which retains the characteristic of the original, heavier form of the breed. However, these three types differ greatly from each other, both in terms of conformation and breeding-goals. Therefore, the Dutch Warmblood, the Dutch Tuigpaard, and the Gelderland are considered as separate breeds in Horse Isle.

Dutch Warmbloods come in solid coats in the colors of chestnut, bay, brown, black, grey, and in rare cases cream-dilutes and roan. In rare occasions they can have tobiano pattern of these colors. Leg and facial markings are very common in this breed. Dutch warmbloods stand between 15.2hh and 17.2hh.

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