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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Large Zhemaichu   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Linebacked Brown Coat (left view)
Sooty Linebacked Brown Coat (left view)
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Dun Coat (normal view)
Sooty Dun Coat (normal view)

Large Zhemaichu Sooty Dun Coat (front view)
Sooty Dun Coat (front view)
Large Zhemaichu Mahogany Bay Coat (right view)
Mahogany Bay Coat (right view)

The Large Zhemaichu (also known as 'Modern Zhemaichu') is a Lithuanian breed of a light-draft horse. It shouldn't be confused with the Zhemaichu which it closely resembles.

History:
Prior to the 19th century, Lithuania had only one Zhemaichu breed and that was the Zhemaichu, who served for cavalry and riding as well as for working the land (see 'Zhemaichu.') However, during the 19th century, the development of agriculture required larger and stronger horses for farm work. The Zhemaichu was too weak, and a new breed was needed.

In order to increase the height and strength of the old Zhemaichu, Lithuanian breeders in north Lithuania crossed Zhemaichu horses with Orlov Trotters, while breeders in the south crossed them with North Swedish drafts (see the 'North Swedish Farm Horse' and 'Orlov Trotter.')

These crosses successfully resulted in a larger type of Zhemaichu horse, which became known as 'Modern Zhemaichu' and 'Large Zhemaichu.' It was widely used for farm work until the mechanization of agriculture in the second half of the 20th century. Today the Large Zhemaichu is a rare breed.

Breeding:
Originally, the Large Zhemaichu was considered as part of the Zhemaichu breed. However, the two were officially separated in the second half of the 20th century, when the Large Zhemaichu was declared a breed of its own.

In Horse Isle, Large Zhemaichus can be created by crossing a North Swedish Farm Horse with a Zhemaichu, similar to what was done in south Lithuania.

Purebreeding, however, requires two Large Zhemaichu parents. This, in order to mimic the real creation process of the Large Zhemaichu, which involved selective breeding of Large Zhemaichu horses.

Conformation:
The conformation of the Large Zhemaichu resembles that of the Zhemaichu, with the main difference between the two being the larger size and heavier musculature of the Large Zhemaichu.

The head is wide and has a straight or slightly-dished profile, the eyes are large, the ears are small and thin, the neck is thick and muscular, the withers are unobtrusive, the back is straight, the croup is muscled, and the hooves are solid.

The legs are either clean from feathering or are lightly feathered, and the hair of the mane and tail is coarse and often wavy.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Large Zhemaichus in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 15.2-16.3, 15.6 (0.2), 0.04.
Sprint: 55-68, 61 (3), 0.6.

Accel: 0.90-1.10, 0.99 (0.04), 0.01.
Decel: 1.03-1.17, 1.11 (0.03), .0.01

Jump: 5.04-5.30, 5.17 (0.06), 0.01.
Pull: 2.75-3.52, 3.12 (0.14), 0.03.

Turning: 52.25-66.89, 58.87 (2.94), 0.58.
Reverse: 2.6-3.1, 2.8 (0.1), 0.02.

Stamina: 50.73-54.67, 52.52 (0.87), 0.17.
Reaction: 0.78-0.87, 0.83 (0.02), 0.00.

Coats & Height:

Colors: bay, black, and brown are most common. Chestnut, grey, buckskin, palomino, smoky-black, and dun occur as well but are rarer.
Breeding notes: Double-cream dilutes are not found in this breed, and therefore breeders should avoid crossing two heterozygous-cream horses.

Additionals: Sooty and linebacked are both common. Flaxen also occurs. Mealy exists, although the effect is mild.
Markings can occur on both the face and legs but are rare. Excessive markings will be penalized.

Height: In real Large Zhemaichus, mares average around 14.2hh, and stallions around 15hh. Therefore, in Horse Isle, Large Zhemaichus stand between 14.1hh and 15.1hh.
Large Zhemaichu Raven Black Coat
Raven Black Coat
Large Zhemaichu Shaded Coal Black Coat
Shaded Coal Black Coat
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Burgundy Seal Brown Coat
Sooty Burgundy Seal Brown Coat
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Linebacked Brown Coat
Sooty Linebacked Brown Coat
Large Zhemaichu Mealy Sepia Brown Coat
Mealy Sepia Brown Coat
Large Zhemaichu Mahogany Bay Coat
Mahogany Bay Coat
Large Zhemaichu Linebacked Golden Mahogany Bay Coat
Linebacked Golden Mahogany Bay Coat
Large Zhemaichu Mealy Linebacked Sandy Mahogany Bay Coat
Mealy Linebacked Sandy Mahogany Bay Coat
Large Zhemaichu Linebacked Bright Chocolate Sorrel Coat
Linebacked Bright Chocolate Sorrel Coat
Large Zhemaichu Linebacked Red Sorrel Coat
Linebacked Red Sorrel Coat
Large Zhemaichu Shaded Smoky Brown Coat
Shaded Smoky Brown Coat
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Linebacked Buckskin Coat
Sooty Linebacked Buckskin Coat
Large Zhemaichu Buttermilk Buckskin Coat
Buttermilk Buckskin Coat
Large Zhemaichu Grey Coat
Grey Coat
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Slate Grulla Coat
Sooty Slate Grulla Coat
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Grulla Coat
Sooty Grulla Coat
Large Zhemaichu Slate Grulla Coat
Slate Grulla Coat
Large Zhemaichu Coyote Dun Coat
Coyote Dun Coat
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Dun Coat
Sooty Dun Coat
Large Zhemaichu Sooty Dunskin Coat
Sooty Dunskin Coat


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