Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
Our Massive Real World Equine Reference!

[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Oldenburg   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
Oldenburg Chocolate Brown Coat (left view)
Chocolate Brown Coat (left view)
Oldenburg Red Chestnut Coat (normal view)
Red Chestnut Coat (normal view)

Oldenburg Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat (front view)
Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat (front view)
Oldenburg Sooty Sepia Brown Coat (right view)
Sooty Sepia Brown Coat (right view)

The Oldenburg is a German warmblood breed, which is named after the former Kingdom of Oldenburg (today a region in Northern Germany) from which it originated.

Regal roots:
In the 16th century, Johann XVI, the Count of Oldenburg, crossed his Friesian horse with Andalusians, Danish horses, Turkish horses, and Neopolitan horses, in an attempt to turn them into better war horses. His successor, Anton Gunther, crossed these new horses with a variety of European stallions, and turned them into carriage and riding horses that despite having a heavy build also had an elegant action and excelled in dressage.

The alt-Oldenburg:
Over the next centuries, the demand for strong farm horses outgrew the demand for elegant dressage horses, and Oldenburg horses were bred for their strength. Slowly, the breed became heavier, but maintained the shape and agility required for it to serve as a carriage horse. This newer, stronger type of the Oldnenbugr is known today as "alt-Oldenburg".

Back to an elite dressage horse:
In the 1960s, the demand for farm horses decreased while the demand for sport horses increased. Therefore, Oldenburg horses were crossed with Thoroughbreds as well as with sport warmbloods of various breeds, in order to transform the Oldenburg into a lighter and more athletic breed, which is better suited for Olympic disciplines. Today, this athletic form of the Oldenburg horse is known as "Modern Oldenburg", or "Oldenburg" for short.

Today, Oldenburg horses are considered to be a bit heavier than most other European sport warmblood breeds, but nevertheless, they excel in eventing, show-jumping, and dressage. The latter is their specialty, and starting from 2016 (and as of 2020) the Oldenburg was constantly ranked as one of the top four sport warmblood breeds for performing dressage.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Oldenburgs in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 16.5-17.9, 17.1 (0.3), 0.06.
Sprint: 49-63, 57 (3), 0.59.

Accel: 0.90-1.09, 0.99 (0.05), 0.01.
Decel: 0.98-1.14, 1.06 (0.03), 0.01.

Jump: 5.36-5.63, 5.50 (0.06), 0.01.
Pull: 2.39-3.28, 2.84 (0.18), 0.04.

Turning: 54.97-68.75, 62.36 (2.86), 0.56.
Reverse: 2.7-3.5, 3.1 (0.1), 0.03.

Stamina: 47.91-52.87, 50.20 (1.16), 0.23.
Reaction: 0.71-0.81, 0.76 (0.02), 0.00.

Coats & Height:
Colors: bay, black, brown, chestnut, grey, and more rarely, cream-dilutes.

Additionals: flaxen, rabicano, sooty, and in rarer cases, tobiano, white-spotted, and rare patterns.

Breeding notes: the colors and patterns of dominant black, dominant white, dun, linebacked, roan, frame-overo, manchado, and splashed-white don't naturally occur in this breed but can be bred into it.

Height: 16.1hh to 17.2hh
Oldenburg Sooty Ebony Black Coat
Sooty Ebony Black Coat
Oldenburg Sooty Coal Black Coat
Sooty Coal Black Coat
Oldenburg Ebony Black Coat
Ebony Black Coat
Oldenburg Coal Black Coat
Coal Black Coat
Oldenburg Sable Black Coat
Sable Black Coat
Oldenburg Sooty Seal Brown Coat
Sooty Seal Brown Coat
Oldenburg Sooty Sepia Brown Coat
Sooty Sepia Brown Coat
Oldenburg Sepia Brown Coat
Sepia Brown Coat
Oldenburg Brown Coat
Brown Coat
Oldenburg Chocolate Brown Coat
Chocolate Brown Coat
Oldenburg Auburn Brown Coat
Auburn Brown Coat
Oldenburg Sooty Red Wild Bay Coat
Sooty Red Wild Bay Coat
Oldenburg Blood Bay Coat
Blood Bay Coat
Oldenburg Red Bay Coat
Red Bay Coat
Oldenburg Bright Bay Coat
Bright Bay Coat
Oldenburg Sandy Wild Bay Coat
Sandy Wild Bay Coat
Oldenburg Flaxen Liver Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Liver Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Oldenburg Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat
Oldenburg Chestnut Coat
Chestnut Coat
Oldenburg Bright Chestnut Coat
Bright Chestnut Coat
Oldenburg Buckskin Coat
Buckskin Coat
Oldenburg Flaxen Sooty Bright Palomino Coat
Flaxen Sooty Bright Palomino Coat
Oldenburg Flaxen Bright Palomino Coat
Flaxen Bright Palomino Coat
Oldenburg Perlino Coat
Perlino Coat
Oldenburg Cremello Coat
Cremello Coat
Oldenburg Grey Coat
Grey Coat
Oldenburg Sooty Ebony Black Tobiano Coat
Sooty Ebony Black Tobiano Coat
Oldenburg Brown Tobiano Coat
Brown Tobiano Coat
Oldenburg Bright Bay Tovero Coat
Bright Bay Tovero Coat
Oldenburg Liver Chestnut Tobiano Coat
Liver Chestnut Tobiano Coat
Oldenburg Perlino Sabino Coat
Perlino Sabino Coat
Oldenburg Flaxen Blonde Palomino Sabino Coat
Flaxen Blonde Palomino Sabino Coat

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