Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Poitevin (Mulassier)   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
Poitevin Bright Chestnut Coat (left view)
Bright Chestnut Coat (left view)
Poitevin Silvery Slate Grulla Corn Roan Coat (normal view)
Silvery Slate Grulla Corn Roan Coat (normal view)

Poitevin Red Dun Coat (front view)
Red Dun Coat (front view)
Poitevin Brown Coat (right view)
Brown Coat (right view)

The Poitevin (also called 'Mulassier' and 'Poitevin Mulassier') is a French draft breed that is famous for being used primarily for producing mules. Accordingly, this breed is often referred to as "Mulassier", which means "mules-producer."

The mule producer from the marshes:
The Poitevin was created in the 16th century, in the marshy lands of the Poitou region near the western coast of France, when breeders crossed heavy Flemish and Dutch drafts with the local mares. Being raised in the marshes, the Poitevin breed adapted to life in humid regions.

The main purpose for breeding Poitevin horses was to produce strong mares, that in their turn will be crossed with Poitou donkeys (see 'Poitou Donkey') to produce strong mules. These mules, called "Poitevin mules," became popular, and that encouraged breeders to breed even more Poitevin mares and mules (see 'Poitevin Mule').

The Poitevin today:
This practice lasted until the middle of the 20th century, when the diminishing demand for mules led to a dramatic reduction in the numbers of Poitevin horses. During the 1990s, the Poitevin breed almost went extinct, until the breeding plans that were set to save the breed managed to increase its numbers.

Today, this rare breed is bred mainly in the Poitou region in France, but small numbers can be found in other countries as well. They are still mainly used for producing Poitevin mules, but also for recreational riding, and driving.

Conformation:
Unlike other draft breeds which were bred to work in fields or pull heavy weights, the Poitevin was first and foremost bred to live in humid marshes and to produce good Poitevin mules. Therefore, it developed a longer and lighter conformation than other draft breeds from the period.

The Poitevin has a long head with a slightly convex profile, long ears, and, contrary to most other draft breeds, a long neck and a long back. The legs are long and thick, and the hooves are wide and large in relation to their body which is broad and muscular in itself.

The manes and tails of Poitevin horses are medium to long in length, and can be sometimes wavy. The lower legs are covered with long, dense feathering that often conceals their hooves.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Poitevins in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 14.0-15.9, 15.0 (0.4), 0.08.
Sprint: 35-48, 42 (3), 0.59.

Accel: 0.85-1.01, 0.93 (0.04), 0.01.
Decel: 1.10-1.31, 1.21 (0.04), 0.01.

Jump: 4.96-5.27, 5.13 (0.06), 0.01.
Pull: 3.21-4.21, 3.72 (0.22), 0.04.

Turning: 47.36-62.68, 55.55 (2.76), 0.54.
Reverse: 2.0-2.6, 2.3 (0.1), 0.02.

Stamina: 49.85-55.89, 52.82 (1.23), 0.24.
Reaction: 0.78-0.89, 0.84 (0.02), 0.00.

Coats & Height:
Colors: bay, black, brown, chestnut, grey, dun*, and, more rarely, cream-diluted*.
* the Poitevin is one of the few draft breeds that can come in dun and cream-dilutes.

Additionals: flaxen, linebacked, mealy, rabicnao, roan, sooty, dark mane & tail, grey mane & tail. The coat is always solid and while markings occur they are rare.

Height: 15hh to 17hh.
Poitevin Sooty Ebony Black Coat
Sooty Ebony Black Coat
Poitevin Ebony Black Coat
Ebony Black Coat
Poitevin Mealy Ebony Black Coat
Mealy Ebony Black Coat
Poitevin Seal Brown Coat
Seal Brown Coat
Poitevin Dappled Seal Brown Coat
Dappled Seal Brown Coat
Poitevin Sooty Sepia Brown Coat
Sooty Sepia Brown Coat
Poitevin Mealy Linebacked Sepia Brown Coat
Mealy Linebacked Sepia Brown Coat
Poitevin Brown Coat
Brown Coat
Poitevin Chocolate Brown Coat
Chocolate Brown Coat
Poitevin Red Wild Bay Coat
Red Wild Bay Coat
Poitevin Mealy Red Wild Bay Coat
Mealy Red Wild Bay Coat
Poitevin Linebacked Wild Bay Coat
Linebacked Wild Bay Coat
Poitevin Sooty Golden Wild Bay Coat
Sooty Golden Wild Bay Coat
Poitevin Golden Bay Coat
Golden Bay Coat
Poitevin Red Chestnut Coat
Red Chestnut Coat
Poitevin Chestnut Coat
Chestnut Coat
Poitevin Bright Chestnut Coat
Bright Chestnut Coat
Poitevin Smoky Black Coat
Smoky Black Coat
Poitevin Brown Buckskin Coat
Brown Buckskin Coat
Poitevin Buckskin Coat
Buckskin Coat
Poitevin Flaxen Linebacked Golden Palomino Coat
Flaxen Linebacked Golden Palomino Coat
Poitevin Copper Palomino Coat
Copper Palomino Coat
Poitevin Bright Palomino Coat
Bright Palomino Coat
Poitevin Blonde Palomino Coat
Blonde Palomino Coat
Poitevin Perlino Coat
Perlino Coat
Poitevin Flaxen Mealy Cremello Coat
Flaxen Mealy Cremello Coat
Poitevin Grey Perlino Coat
Grey Perlino Coat
Poitevin Grey Coat
Grey Coat
Poitevin Grey Coat
Grey Coat
Poitevin Grulla Coat
Grulla Coat
Poitevin Slate Grulla Coat
Slate Grulla Coat
Poitevin Silvery Grulla Coat
Silvery Grulla Coat
Poitevin Dun Coat
Dun Coat
Poitevin Dun Coat
Dun Coat
Poitevin Dun Coat
Dun Coat
Poitevin Muddy Dun Coat
Muddy Dun Coat
Poitevin Muddy Dun Coat
Muddy Dun Coat
Poitevin Red Dun Coat
Red Dun Coat
Poitevin Dunskin Coat
Dunskin Coat
Poitevin Mealy Dunskin Coat
Mealy Dunskin Coat
Poitevin Dunalino Coat
Dunalino Coat
Poitevin Linebacked Blood Wild Bay Roan Coat
Linebacked Blood Wild Bay Roan Coat
Poitevin Smoky Black Corn Roan Coat
Smoky Black Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Burgundy Seal Brown Corn Roan Coat
Burgundy Seal Brown Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Dark Purple Corn Roan Coat
Dark Purple Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Sepia Purple Corn Roan Coat
Sepia Purple Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Purple Corn Roan Coat
Purple Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Bright Red Corn Roan Coat
Bright Red Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Liver Sorrel Corn Roan Coat
Liver Sorrel Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Sooty Buckskin Corn Roan Coat
Sooty Buckskin Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Perlino Corn Roan Coat
Perlino Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Dun Corn Roan Coat
Dun Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Dun Corn Roan Coat
Dun Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Flaxen Red Dun Corn Roan Coat
Flaxen Red Dun Corn Roan Coat
Poitevin Red Dun Corn Roan Coat
Red Dun Corn Roan Coat


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