Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Polish Draft   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
Polish Draft Bright Chestnut Coat (left view)
Bright Chestnut Coat (left view)
Polish Draft Flaxen Sorrel Coat (normal view)
Flaxen Sorrel Coat (normal view)

Polish Draft Chocolate Brown Coat (front view)
Chocolate Brown Coat (front view)
Polish Draft Bright Chocolate Chestnut Coat (right view)
Bright Chocolate Chestnut Coat (right view)

The Polish Draft is an umbrella term for several draft breeds bred in Poland.

Horses have been roaming Poland for many centuries and were essential to local agriculture. Although small in size, they were strong enough to work in the fields all the way up until the 19th century, when the heavy weight of newly invented agricultural machines called for the use of stronger draft horses.

Poland lacked horses of the necessary size, so Polish breeders imported heavy horses from other European countries, mainly Brabant stallions from Belgium and Ardennais stallions from France. Crossbreeding these breeds with the native Polish breeds continued all the way through the first half of the 20th century, and resulted in a heavy Polish draft horse.

The Polish Draft today:
Due to the mechanization of agriculture in the 1960s, Polish Drafts are not as common as they were in the past. That said, they still fair far better than other breeds of heavy drafts, and their population is stable.

Polish Drafts are still used for draft work in rural parts in Poland, but they are also used for recreational riding.

Subtypes of Polish Drafts:
Most other European heavy drafts--like the French breeds of Ardennais, Boulonnais, and Percheron-- are distinct breeds, each with its own studbook even if they originated in the same country. The Polish Draft is different in this regard, since it's an umbrella term for all the types of heavy drafts found across Poland.

There are several subtypes of Polish Drafts, each of which was primarily influenced by specific draft breeds, is bred in a specific county in Poland, is treated as a separate breed, and has its own studbook. Among these subtypes are the Garwolin, Luwicz, Lidzbarsky, Podlasky, Sokolski, and Stzumski. The latter two are the most popular ones, and are the only ones found in Horse Isle.

In general, Polish Drafts have a large head with small eyes and straight profile, a long and thick neck with a round topline and prominent crest, a long straight back, a muscular croup, a deep girth, short legs, and small hooves. The body is broad and muscular.

The legs have feathering which varies from light to heavy, depending on the subtype. The tail is anywhere from short to long, but the mane is always of medium length.

That said, each subtype has its own conformation standard; some are heavier or shorter while others are lighter or taller.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Polish Drafts in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 13.3-15.0, 14.2 (0.4), 0.08.
Sprint: 33-51, 42 (5), 0.92.

Accel: 0.84-1.07, 0.97 (0.05), 0.01.
Decel: 1.03-1.21, 1.12 (0.04), 0.01.

Jump: 4.62-5.01, 4.78 (0.08), 0.02.
Pull: 3.45-4.44, 3.87 (0.22), 0.04.

Turning: 52.80-66.63, 60.37 (3.08), 0.60.
Reverse: 2.2-2.9, 2.6 (0.1), 0.03.

Stamina: 56.99-63.38, 59.66 (1.32), 0.26.
Reaction: 0.77-0.87, 0.83 (0.02), 0.00.

Coats & Height:
Colors: usually chestnut, but also bay, brown, and, more rarely, black.

Additionals: flaxen, mealy, roan, sooty, grey mane & tail. The coat is always solid.

Height: 14.1hh to 16.2hh.
Polish Draft Coal Black Coat
Coal Black Coat
Polish Draft Seal Brown Coat
Seal Brown Coat
Polish Draft Chocolate Brown Coat
Chocolate Brown Coat
Polish Draft Red Bay Coat
Red Bay Coat
Polish Draft Bay Coat
Bay Coat
Polish Draft Bright Bay Coat
Bright Bay Coat
Polish Draft Black Sorrel Coat
Black Sorrel Coat
Polish Draft Liver Chestnut Coat
Liver Chestnut Coat
Polish Draft Flaxen Liver Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Liver Chestnut Coat
Polish Draft Flaxen Red Chocolate Sorrel Coat
Flaxen Red Chocolate Sorrel Coat
Polish Draft Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Red Chestnut Coat
Polish Draft Flaxen Red Sorrel Coat
Flaxen Red Sorrel Coat
Polish Draft Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Polish Draft Chestnut Coat
Chestnut Coat
Polish Draft Flaxen Chestnut Coat
Flaxen Chestnut Coat
Polish Draft Bright Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Bright Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Polish Draft Bright Chestnut Coat
Bright Chestnut Coat
Polish Draft Bright Sorrel Coat
Bright Sorrel Coat
Polish Draft Flaxen Strawberry Roan Coat
Flaxen Strawberry Roan Coat

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