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Big Book of Breeds
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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Rhenish German Coldblood   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
Rhenish German Coldblood Chocolate Purple Corn Roan Coat (left view)
Chocolate Purple Corn Roan Coat (left view)
Rhenish German Coldblood Brown Coat (normal view)
Brown Coat (normal view)

Rhenish German Coldblood Golden Wild Bay Corn Roan Coat (front view)
Golden Wild Bay Corn Roan Coat (front view)
Rhenish German Coldblood Strawberry Corn Roan Coat (right view)
Strawberry Corn Roan Coat (right view)

The Rhenish German Coldblood (also 'Rhineland Heavy Draft' and 'Rhenish German') is a German heavy draft breed originated in Rhineland.

A heavy horse to pull heavy machines:
It all started with agricultural machines. Today, most of those machines are powered by fuel or pulled by tractors, but back in the 19th century, they were powered and pulled by horses.

From the 1840s onward, agriculture in Europe saw the introduction of heavy, metal-made agricultural machines. Those included the reaper --for harvesting hay-- and the thresher --for threshing grain-- among many others. Those machines had to be pulled by horses to operate, and that created a problem: the existing farm horses were too small to pull those machines at a reasonable speed.

That initiated various breeding programs in various regions in Europe. One such region was Rhineland, where breeders imported various heavy breeds to cross with the local mares. Shires, Clydesdales, and Suffolk Punches from England, Ardennais horses from France, Jutlands from Denmark, and Brabants from Belgium.

Unfortunately, those breeding attempts weren't very successful, as the offspring of those crosses failed to cope well with the Rhenish weather.

A Wickrath Stud and the Rhenish German Coldblood:
Luckily for Rhineland, the region was the home of the Wickrath State Stud. In 1876, aware of the struggles of the farmers around them to breed a native heavy draft breed, the Stud took charge of the breeding program.

The trial and error of the Rhenish farmers proved that the Brabant from neighboring Belgium was best suited for the fields and weather in Rhineland. Therefore, the Stud focused on crossing native mares with imported Brabant stallions (see 'Brabant').

In 1880, fifty such stallions resided in the Stud. In 1892, the breeding goal was officially set, a studbook was officially established, and the Rhenish German Coldblood was officially born.

The closing of an era:
During the first half of the 20th century, the Rhenish German Coldblood did exceptionally well, roaming Germany in its thousands, and recovering quickly after both World Wars. But there was one event that the mighty Rhenish German Coldblood was no match for: the introduction of the tractor.

The 1950s saw draft breeds all over Europe being replaced by the tractor and bring driven to the brink of extinction. In 1957, Wickrath State Stud was closed, and the few remaining Rhenish German Coldbloods were transported to Warendorf State Stud in Westphalia, where they were bred in small numbers.

The Rhenish German Coldblood today:
By the 1970s, there was only a handful of Rhenish German Coldbloods left. Luckily, in Germany, recreational driving opened a new opportunity for this mostly forgotten breed, although it never regained its former popularity.

Today, Rhenish German Coldbloods exist in small numbers. They are used primarily for pulling and harness work, and, less often, for recreational riding.

They are still bred in Warendorf State Stud in Westphalia, which is why they are sometimes called Rhenish-Westphalian Coldbloods. This name, however, is inaccurate, because the Rhenish German Coldblood is not native to Westphalia nor is it a Westphalian breed.

Breeding:
During the 1980s, Brabant and Dutch Draft stallions were imported to Warendorf from Belgium and the Netherlands in order to avoid excessive inbreeding, a practice that still takes place today.

Several other heavy draft breeds are allowed into the Rhenish German Coldblood's studbook, among them are the Ardennais, Trait du Nord, Auxiois, and Dutch Draft, all of which have a similar conformation to that of the Rhenish German Coldblood.

That said, the extent to which those foreign breeds were, and are still, used is limited. Current (2022) regulations also call for one parent to be a Rhenish German Coldblood. Therefore, in Horse Isle, Rhenish German Coldbloods have a closed studbook.

Conformation:
Rhenish German Coldbloods have a small yet deep head, a straight or slightly convex profile, small ears, and large eyes. A short, thick, and slightly arched neck. Low withers, a short back, a sloping croup, and a muscular chest. The body is wide, and the legs are short.

The mane and tail grow coarse or wavy, and while the mane is medium in length the tail can grow long. The legs have medium feathering.

Performance metrics:
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Rhenish German Coldbloods in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases, horses might have metrics outside of the range. Breeders can produce horses that are beyond this range.

Speed: 13.5-14.7, 14.1 (0.3), 0.05.
Sprint: 36-46, 41 (3), 0.54.

Accel: 0.74-0.93, 0.82 (0.04), 0.01.
Decel: 1.00-1.18, 1.09 (0.04), 0.01.

Jump: 4.56-4.91, 4.70 (0.07), 0.01.
Pull: 3.87-4.74, 4.36 (0.15), 0.03.

Turning: 45.25-60.23, 52.83 (2.81), 0.55.
Reverse: 2.2-2.8, 2.5 (0.1), 0.02.

Stamina: 58.77-62.95, 61.00 (0.95), 0.19.
Reaction: 0.82-0.90, 0.86 (0.02), 0.00.

Coats & Height:
Colors: bay, black, brown, and chestnut.

Additionals: flaxen and roan are extremely common. Sooty and mealy occur well. Grey mane & tail exists but is rare. The coat is always solid, with white markings often occurring on the face but less so on the legs.

Height: 15.2hh to 16.3hh.
Rhenish German Coldblood Coal Black Coat
Coal Black Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Ebony Blue Roan Coat
Ebony Blue Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Mealy Coal Blue Corn Roan Coat
Mealy Coal Blue Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Ebony Blue Corn Roan Coat
Ebony Blue Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Sooty Ebony Blue Corn Roan Coat
Sooty Ebony Blue Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Sooty Sable Blue Corn Roan Coat
Sooty Sable Blue Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Seal Brown Coat
Seal Brown Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Seal Brown Coat
Seal Brown Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Seal Brown Roan Coat
Seal Brown Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Sooty Brown Coat
Sooty Brown Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Sooty Purple Roan Coat
Sooty Purple Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Sepia Purple Roan Coat
Sepia Purple Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Purple Roan3 Coat
Purple Roan3 Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Mealy Purple Roan Coat
Mealy Purple Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Auburn Purple Roan Coat
Auburn Purple Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Chocolate Purple Corn Roan Coat
Chocolate Purple Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Purple Corn Roan Coat
Purple Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Bright Mahogany Bay Coat
Bright Mahogany Bay Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Red Roan Coat
Red Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Red Roan Coat
Red Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Bright Wild Bay Corn Roan Coat
Bright Wild Bay Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Sooty Red Corn Roan Coat
Sooty Red Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Wild Bay Corn Roan Coat
Wild Bay Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Golden Red Corn Roan Coat
Golden Red Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Golden Wild Bay Corn Roan Coat
Golden Wild Bay Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Red Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Red Chocolate Chestnut Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Chocolate Sorrel Coat
Chocolate Sorrel Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Chestnut Coat
Chestnut Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Golden Chestnut Coat
Golden Chestnut Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Liver Strawberry Roan Coat
Liver Strawberry Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Liver Strawberry Roan2 Coat
Liver Strawberry Roan2 Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Strawberry Roan Coat
Strawberry Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Flaxen Strawberry Roan Coat
Flaxen Strawberry Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Sooty Strawberry Corn Roan3 Coat
Sooty Strawberry Corn Roan3 Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Sooty Bright Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Sooty Bright Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Strawberry Corn Roan4 Coat
Strawberry Corn Roan4 Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Strawberry Corn Roan2 Coat
Strawberry Corn Roan2 Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Liver Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Liver Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Flaxen Liver Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Flaxen Liver Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Flaxen Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Flaxen Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Flaxen Bright Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Flaxen Bright Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Rhenish German Coldblood Strawberry Corn Roan Coat
Strawberry Corn Roan Coat


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