Horse Isle 3: Big Book of Breeds
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Big Book of Breeds
Our Massive Real World Equine Reference!

[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Silesian   [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
The Silesian is a heavy warmblood breed, that originated in Poland, where it is famous for its outstanding performance as a carriage horse.

The development of the Silesian began at the end of the 19th century, when Oldenburgs (today known as Alt-Oldenburgs) and East Friesians were crossed with Thoroughbreds and Hanoverians. The result was a heavy warmblood whose general conformation was similar to that of the Alt-Oldenburg.

Starting from the 1960s, when the demand for sport horses increased, some Silesian horses were crossed with Thoroughbreds to improve the lightness and athleticism of the Silesian. This created two subtypes within the Silesian breed: the Old Silesian, which wasn't influenced by the Thoroughbred and remained true to its original, heavy, conformation; and the New Silesian, which was lighter. Both subtypes still exist today and are found in Horse Isle.

Since its creation, the Silesian was known for its outstanding performance as a carriage horse. Silesian horses have the strength required for pulling a carriage, as well as a graceful disposition when doing so, which is why most Silesian horses serve for harness events. That said, New Silesians are also used for other disciplines.

The conformation of the Silesian is that of a heavy warmblood. The head can have a subconvex or a slightly roman profile, the ears are often tipped inwards, the neck is long and thick, the chest is broad, the girth is deep, the croup is either rounded or sloped, and the legs are thick and are shorter than seen in modern sport warmbloods. In addition, the mane and tail can be somewhat wavy.

As mentioned above, there are two subtypes of Silesian horses, and indeed each subtype has its own conformation. In general, the New Silesian is lighter and more athletic than the Old Silesian. The two main differences between the two subtypes are in the head and the croup, which is heavier and rounder, respectively, in Old Silesians.

Silesian horses come in the colors of brown, black, dark bay (which is termed as 'brown' in Horse Isle,) and, in rare cases, grey. They often have white markings, but not pinto markings. The full height range of this breed is 15.2hh to 16.3hh, with the New Silesian being taller on average than the Old Silesian.

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