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[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Swiss Warmblood (CH) [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
From the abbey to the arena:
The ancestors of the Swiss Warmblood are horses who were bred by monks in Einsiedeln Abbey, starting from the 10th century. These horses became known as 'Einsiedlers' and 'Cavalli della Madonna', and were bred to serve as pack, farm, and, mainly, saddle horses (see the 'Einsiedler' for more info) In the 19th century, they were crossed with Yorkshire Coach Horses and Anglo-Normans, with the aim of producing a decent cavalry horse.
Following World War II, Swiss horses were crossed with various European sport warmbloods that were imported to Switzerland. This crossbreeding program gave birth to the Swiss Warmblood, but also decreased the numbers of Einsiedler horses to a point where the breed nearly went extinct. The Einsiedler was eventually saved, and today it exists in small numbers.
Today, the Swiss Warmblood is popular in Switzerland, where it is being used for dressage, show-jumping, eventing, and driving.
When it comes to breeding, the Swiss Warmblood has a studbook that is open for a very specific list of sport warmblood breeds, as well as for Anglo-Arabs (AAs) and Thoroughbreds (TBs). That said, the preference is to cross Swiss Warmbloods with Swiss Warmbloods, and to avoid excessive breeding with AAs or TBs. Therefore, in Horse Isle, when crossbreeding Swiss Warmbloods with other sport warmbloods, breeders should pay attention to the array of colors that is found in the Swiss Warmblood breed.
The conformation of Swiss Warmbloods is similar to that of other European sport warmbloods, and is characterized by a head with a straight or convex profile, a muscular neck which arches towards the head, prominent withers, a straight back, a long and slightly-sloping croup, a deep chest, and long legs. Furthermore, unlike most other European sport warmbloods, the Swiss warmblood has a neck of medium length rather than long.
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Swiss Warmbloods in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases,
Speed: 16.2-17.5, 16.7 (0.3), 0.06.
Sprint: 47-62, 56 (3), 0.59.
Accel: 0.90-1.11, 1.00 (0.04), 0.01.
Decel: 0.91-1.09, 1.01 (0.04), 0.01.
Jump: 5.27-5.51, 5.37 (0.05), 0.01.
Pull: 2.32-2.90, 2.59 (0.13), 0.03.
Turning: 54.88-68.79, 61.52 (2.91), 0.57.
Reverse: 2.7-3.5, 3.1 (0.1), 0.03.
Stamina: 47.26-52.66, 50.23 (1.21), 0.24.
Reaction: 0.68-0.78, 0.74 (0.02), 0.00.
Coats & Height:
Colors: usually bay or chestnut in color, but black, brown, and grey occur as well. Cream-dilutes are not found in real Swiss Warmbloods, but they are found in Swiss Warmbloods in Horse Isle although they are rare.
Breeding notes: the colors of dominant black, and dun don't naturally occur in this breed, but can be bred into it.
Additionals: flaxen, rabicano, sooty, all rare patterns. The coat is solid.
Breeding notes: linebacked, roan, tobiano, and white-spotted don't naturally occur in this breed,but can be bred into it.
Height: 15.3hh and 17.1hh.
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