Our Massive Real World Equine Reference!
[ INDEX ] Equine Type: Horse Breed: Tennessee Walking Horse (TWH) [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]
The Tennessee Pacer:
Beginning in the late 17th century, settlers in Tennessee decided to improve the local horses by crossing them with new breeds. Thoroughbreds, American Saddlebreds, Narragansett Pacers, Canadian Pacers, Morgans, and Standardbreds were all recruited for this task. Mixing all of these breeds together created a new breed: the Tennessee Pacer.
The Tennessee Walking Horse:
In 1885, a Standardbred stallion named Allendorf was crossed with a Morgan mare named Maggie Marshall. Maggie gave birth to a colt named Allan F-1, who became famous for his consistent pacing gait. Allan F-1 was crossed with Tennessee Pacer mares, and the result was the Tennessee Walking Horse breed.
A multi-gaited ambler:
Ever since they were created, Tennessee Walking Horses were famous for their three distinctive gaits.
The first is the "flat-foot walk", in which the gait is longer and faster than in regular walk. The second is the "running-walk", an inherited walking gait in this breed, in which the horse can walk at an impressive speed of up to 32km/h. The third gait is the "canter", which is a smooth canter gait during which the horse significantly lifts its chest and front legs, thus creating a movement similar to a rocking chair.
Aside from these three gaits, Tennessee Walking Horses can learn and perform additional ambling gates such as rack, fox-trot, and stepping-pace.
The Tennessee Walking Horse today:
Today, the Tennessee Walking Horse is one of the most famous breeds worldwide, but particularly in the USA where it is the 5th most common breed as of 2022.
Tennessee Walking Horses are smart horses with good endurance and comfortable gaits, which is why they are primarily used for trail riding.
The Tennessee Walking Horse is famous for its iconic conformation and even more iconic stance.
The head is light but long, with a straight profile, broad at the forehead and tapers toward a fine muzzle with large nostrils. The ears are medium in size, set close together and straight upright. The jaw is light, and the throatlatch is clear.
The neck is muscular, long, and held high, showing a slight arch and a broad base, and connects high to prominent withers. The back is short and the croup is mostly horizontal with a minor slope toward a high-set tail that is held low or only slightly elevated.
The girth underline is flatter compared to most other horse breeds but is still longer than the topline. The legs are long and are often stretched far behind the body, giving the Tennessee Walking Horse its iconic stance.
The hair of the mane and tail is usually fine, but while the mane grows short or medium in length, the tail grows long.
The following are the: range, average, (SD), and MOE of performance metrics of ordered Tennessee Walking Horses in Horse Isle (not bred ones). In rare cases,
Speed: 15.4-17.0, 16.3 (0.3), 0.06.
Sprint: 47-58, 53 (2), 0.48.
Accel: 0.86-1.01, 0.94 (0.03), 0.01.
Decel: 0.86-1.00, 0.93 (0.03), 0.01.
Jump: 5.12-5.39, 5.26 (0.06), 0.01.
Pull: 1.91-2.65, 2.22 (0.14), 0.03.
Turning: 45.51-60.85, 53.26 (2.65), 0.52.
Reverse: 2.4-3.1, 2.7 (0.1), 0.03.
Stamina: 41.97-47.25, 44.51 (1.16), 0.23.
Reaction: 0.64-0.76, 0.71 (0.03), 0.01.
Coats & Height:
Colors & patterns: all colors and patterns except for dominant-black, mushroom, manchado, mealy, and leopard.
Height: 14.3hh to 17hh.
[ INDEX ] [ PREV ] [ NEXT ]